Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are transmitted from one person to another primarily through sexual contact. However, these diseases can also result from the use of contaminated drug injection equipment and in utero. Researchers have identified more than 20 different STDs, which are categorized into two main groups. STDs caused by bacteria can be treated and often cured with antibiotics. Some bacterial STDs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and trichomoniasis. STDs caused by viruses can be controlled but not cured. Viral STDs remain in the human body permanently. Some viral STDs include cytomegalovirus, genital herpes, genital warts, hepatitis B virus, HIV/AIDS, and human papil-loma virus (HPV).

The use of alcohol and other illicit drugs has a tremendous impact on the rate of transmission of ...

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