Multiple screening tools exist to detect alcohol and drug use, abuse, and addiction. Screening instruments are usually brief in nature, generally require limited training, and can be either self-administered or given in the context of an interview. Even though no screening measure can identify all substance abuse problems, the selection of well-established instruments with consideration to setting, population, and related factors can increase the likelihood of early detection.

Numerous well-established substance abuse screening instruments have been developed over the years and share many commonalities. The questions or items in screening instruments attempt to uncover characteristics associated with substance use such as efforts to cut down or quit, concern expressed by others, negative consequences, blackouts, and issues involving control of alcohol and drug use. The scoring of ...

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