Drug prevention strategies aimed at delaying, reducing, or preventing the use and abuse of alcohol and illicit drugs are designed to prevent the need for treatment, thus reducing negative health effects, distress, and costs of treatment. This entry describes theoretical approaches to prevention strategies, descriptions of specific prevention strategies, and evaluations and outcomes of effective drug prevention strategies.

Prevention Approaches

There are two primary classification systems that are commonly used to refer to prevention strategies. The first is based on public health models and refers to primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. Primary prevention is aimed at preventing the onset of the targeted condition in the general population, and secondary prevention identifies and treats asymptomatic people who have risk factors for the condition. Tertiary prevention involves the treatment ...

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