Cardiovascular and Respiratory Anatomy and Physiology: Responses to Exercise

The capacity for exercise is the net effect of a synchronized response of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Understanding the anatomy and physiology of each system is key to understanding how the systems interface at rest and with exercise.

Anatomy and Physiology


The heart is a muscular organ roughly the size of a human fist, which is located slightly left of center beneath the sternum and ribcage within the chest cavity. Its job is to receive deoxygenated blood from the body and pump it to the lungs and to receive oxygenated ...

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