The biceps muscle is an integral component of the upper extremity. Injury to the proximal tendon is relatively common in older people and can often be associated with other shoulder pathologies. Injury to its distal tendon is an uncommon injury; nonetheless, it can produce significant functional disability. Many surgical and nonsurgical treatment options exist for these injuries.


Proximally, or at the shoulder, the biceps muscle has two heads, from which its name is derived. The muscle connects to the bone through its tendon, ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles