Sunburn is characterized by skin redness, swelling, tenderness, and blistering in response to sunlight exposure. Given the number of athletes who play outdoor sports, prevention of the negative short- and long-term health effects of sunburn is important.


Sunlight is divided into visible light, infrared radiation, and ultraviolet radiation (UVR). UVR is categorized further into UVA (320- to 400-nanometer [nm] wavelength), UVB (290320 nm), and UVC (<290 nm) radiation. UVB radiation can lead to the acute skin changes seen in sunburn. It ...

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