Shoulder Injuries, Surgery for

The shoulder plays a major role in athletic competition. “Overhead sports” athletes are those whose primary sport involves much activity with the arm overhead. These sports include, but are not limited to, football, basketball, baseball, tennis, swimming, lacrosse, and gymnastics. These sports place particularly significant stresses and strains on the athlete's shoulder. Baseball pitchers, due to the high energy of the pitch, are a unique group of athletes who place particularly high demands on their dominant shoulder. Swimmers also rely heavily on repetitive ...

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