Shoulder Injuries

Shoulder injuries occur as a result of both acute trauma and chronic overuse and affect both bony and soft tissue structures. Acute injuries as a result of falling or collision are seen mainly in collision, contact, and extreme sports, such as hockey, football, snowboarding, and skateboarding. Overuse injuries are becoming more frequent as a result of year-round competition and sport-specific training. Overuse injuries are seen commonly in sports such as swimming, baseball, volleyball, softball, and tennis. Shoulder pain occurs in 40% to 80% ...

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