Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine when viewed from the back. In this position, the spine normally appears as a straight line from the occiput to the pelvis. With scoliosis, this may appear as a single C-shaped curve or a double S-shaped curve. There is often an associated rotational component that presents with a rib hump or lumbar prominence, depending on the location of the curve. The overall prevalence of scoliosis is 2% to 3%. However, severe curves occur in less than 0.1% of the population. The ...

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