The kidney is the most commonly injured intra-abdominal organ in some sports, such as rugby union. Varieties of renal injury include renal trauma and exercise-induced hematuria, which may or may not be traumatic in origin. Renal traumatic injuries may be relatively asymptomatic, even with repeated blows, such as in boxing, or they may result in renal contusions, causing microscopic or gross hematuria.

Occult Hematuria

Hematuria is a common condition in the general population. Occult hematuria without radiographic evidence of injury is extremely common in several sports and is often ...

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