Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Anterior knee pain is one of the most common clinical complaints in all age-groups. It may affect as many as 25% of all athletes. Patellofemoral pain is more common in women than in men. The symptoms are pain, instability, or a combination of the two. Instability ranges from mild maltracking to gross patellofemoral dislocation. It may present as an acute or chronic condition.


Soft Tissue Elements

Active Restraints of the Kneecap

The quadriceps muscle holds the kneecap in the intercondylar notch. The four components of the quadriceps muscle are the ...

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