Lung injuries, although rare in sports, can be serious. The basic function of the lungs is to add oxygen to the blood. This essential process depends on adequate flow of air to the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs and adequate blood flow to the tissues surrounding the air sacs. Any injury that causes blood or fluid to leak into the alveoli, compresses the air sacs, or prevents adequate blood flow through the lungs will result in reduced oxygen supply to the blood and, ultimately, to other tissues of the ...

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