Doping and Performance Enhancement: Historical Overview

The use of dopingthat is, using drugs for performance enhancement in sports and otherwisehas a long history. The first document related to the use of doping agents was a painting of the Chinese emperor Shen-nung, in 2737 BCE, showing him using ephedrine in his tea. This emperor is considered to be the father of Chinese medicine and is believed to have introduced the art of acupuncture. He also classified the medicinal herbs according to their pharmacological effects.

In the ancient Olympic Games, at the end of the 3rd century BCE, the ...

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