Cramping in athletes is frequently referred to as exercise-associated muscle cramps (EAMC) and is the term used to describe the painful, involuntary contraction of skeletal muscle. EAMC are a common complaint among endurance athletes and those who compete outdoors in hot, humid environments. While the exact cause is unknown, many factors are believed to contribute to EAMC, including dehydration, electrolyte depletion, and muscle fatigue. Cramping has been reported in athletes of every sport and can occur in athletes of any age, race, ...

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