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Class Inequality: Achievement

Families whose members are more educated, earn higher incomes, or have higher social status (socioeconomic status) can provide their children with more educational resources and learning opportunities. These children can then capitalize on these additional resources and opportunities to learn more. Furthermore, students in higher socioeconomic status families often attend schools with more resources and live in countries with more resources, all of which support higher academic achievement. Last, students in these families can often obtain a larger share of school or country resources to aid their learning, even though this inequality can hurt the overall achievement of the school or the country.

Family

Families differ with respect to their human capital (e.g., education), financial capital (wealth), social capital (social network resources), and cultural capital (knowledge of ...

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