We come then to the question presented: Does segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other ‘tangible’ factors may be equal, deprive the children of the minority group of equal educational opportunities? We believe that it does.

—Brown v. Board of Education (1954).

Brown stands as a pivotal case in judicial history, overturning the precedent of separate but equal facilities set by Plessey v. Ferguson in 1896, and highlighting the court's role in changing national policy. In 1950, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) recruited African American parents in Topeka, Kansas, to attempt to enroll their children in white elementary schools; when the children were denied, the NAACP filed a class action ...

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