Blind and low-vision students' access to formal schooling has been a topic of significant importance for centuries, but still remains a great challenge. In 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that over 285 million people of all ages were visually impaired, of whom about 39 million were totally blind. About 90 percent of them live in developing countries where disabled children, including the visually impaired and blind students, are often discriminated against, marginalized, overlooked, excluded, hidden away, abandoned, or used for begging, instead of integrating them into existing public education systems. Educational reforms, ensuring equal access and opportunities for the visual impaired and blind students in both developing and Western societies, have been long overdue. The issue of educating visual impaired and blind students ...

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