Known as the Green Mountain State throughout its history, Vermont is the fifth-smallest state, covering an area of only 9,615 square miles with a population of 625,741. The entire state is only 160 miles long and 80 miles wide. Vermont shares a northern border with Canada and a southern border with Massachusetts. New Hampshire is located to the east, and New York extends to the west. Montpelier was selected as the state capital in 1831, chiefly because residents agreed to donate land for a statehouse, which was funded through gifts from private donors. Burlington, Essex, and Rutland are the three largest cities in the state. Vermont has always been known for its independence and during its early history consistently repelled any efforts to be taken ...

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