The Silk Road ran through the city of Samarkand in what is now Uzbekistan. The area was conquered by Arabs in the 8th century, by Mongols in the 13th century, and liberated by Tamerlane (Timur) in the 14th century. Russia conquered the entire central Asian region in the late 19th century, and the country became the Soviet Socialist Republic of Uzbekistan in 1924. Independence occurred in 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Geographical, Social, Economic, and Educational Contexts

Uzbekistan is a landlocked country located between Kazakhstan in the north and west, Turkmenistan and Afghanistan in the south, and Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan in the east. The 28.1 million population includes several ethnic groups, with the largest being Uzbek (80 percent), Russian (5.5 percent), Tajik (5 percent), ...

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