Title IX was enacted in 1972 as part of the educational amendments (Title 20 U.S.C. Sections 1681–88). It is a landmark piece of legislation for the women's rights movement of the 1960s and 1970s. In June 1970, Oregon state Democractic Representative Edith Green drafted legislation and conducted hearings on the education and employment of women. These initial efforts, along with the efforts of thousands of advocates across the country, are credited for building momentum for the eventual passage of Title IX. The purpose of the act was to prohibit discrimination based on sex within any educational system, governmental entity, or private employer that receives federal funds. Title IX covers discrimination based on the exclusion of participation in, denial of the benefit of, or being ...

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