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School Effects

Research on school effects addresses the overarching question of whether the school a student attends matters for that student's educational learning opportunities and outcomes. Commonly held beliefs suggest that the school a student attends makes a difference; however, early educational research found that the effects of schools on achievement were much smaller compared to student background characteristics. Yet, educational researchers continue to focus research on the role of schools in educational inequality, as it is one of the main institutions where inequality can be reproduced or reduced. Researchers find mixed results for the relationship between student outcomes and the school organization, school composition, and funding.

The Coleman Report

The seminal work Equality of Educational Opportunity, which is more commonly called The Coleman Report, was the impetus ...

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