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Rwanda is a landlocked country in east-central Africa, covering an area of 10,169 square miles (26,338 square kilometers. Roughly 87 percent of the population (approximately 10.7 million people) live in rural areas. In 2010, the Population Reference Bureau reported that Rwanda had a population density of more than 1,000 people per square mile: The country has the highest population density in sub-Saharan Africa.

The postcolonial educational system of Rwanda has followed the political trajectory of the country and has been characterized by ethnic and regional discrimination. Following the 1994 genocide, which took more than 800,000 lives, education in Rwanda came under scrutiny for its role in contributing to the violence. Reform of the history curriculum, reforms of national examinations and universal education policies, rapid changes ...

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