Poverty is a condition of material deprivation affecting millions of people around the world. Its rates have varied historically as a function of economic development, social welfare policies, and population change. It is also closely associated with such factors as geography, family structure, and race and ethnicity. The relationship between poverty and education is complex, including the perpetuation of inequality across generations as well as unique opportunities to interrupt such patterns of social stratification.

Assessing Poverty

Historically, poverty levels have abated with economic development, particularly with the advent of industrialization during the 19th and 20th centuries. Poverty has not vanished, however, and remains a major problem in most of the world as well as in the United States. In less developed countries (LDCs) where economic development often ...

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