One of the original 13 colonies of the United States of America, the state of New York covers 47,126 square miles and is bordered by New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont. With 19,378,102 residents in 2010, New York is the third-most-populous state in the nation. The most densely populated cities in the state are New York City (8,175,133), Buffalo (261,310), Rochester (210,310), Yonkers (195,976), and Syracuse (145,170). New York City, which was once the capital of the United States and the site of George Washington's 1789 presidential inauguration, is also the most populous city in the United States. Albany became New York's state capital in 1797. Among New York State residents, 84.2 percent over 25 have high school diplomas, while 31.8 percent have bachelor's ...

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