Haiti shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic, located approximately 48 miles (77 kilometers) east of Cuba. Haiti occupies one-third of Hispaniola, and had a population of 9,719,932 in July 2011, maintaining half of the island's total population. Its official languages are French and Haitian Creole. According to the Central Intelligence Agency, Haiti ranks among the poorest of the world's countries: approximately 80 percent of the population is below the poverty line.

Haiti's history of rebellion and subsequent economic and governmental struggle has affected life on the island, including education. While Haitians rebuild their nation, education becomes a priority. Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Hispaniola in 1492. The Spanish ruled the island until 1692, when they yielded a third of the island ...

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