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Gender and School Sports

Sports have been a part of schools and colleges in the United States since the early 20th century. Even under a largely coeducational system of schooling and post-secondary education, schools and school-based sports are highly defined by gender. Girls and women participating in school-based sports and physical education have always created tensions between equality of opportunity and difference in athletic participation. Today, Title IX reinforces the strong ties between American sports and schooling and presents the challenge for schools to offer different but equal athletic opportunities. Girls and boys, or women and men, have a long history of participating in educational experiences together in the United States. Coeducation became the norm in postsecondary and higher education by the early 20th century. Despite the coeducational school ...

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