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Expansion of Education

Education has grown for several centuries in Western societies, and more recently in the rest of the world. While education, defined as enrollments in schools or other formal institutions of instruction, expanded slowly through much of history, the pace of change stepped up during the past 200 years. Consequently, most of the research on educational expansion, and related theorizing in sociology and other disciplines, has concerned that period. Because of potential links between education and economic development, it is also an important policy question. For much of history, education was a luxury that few could afford. Schooling requires that children be free from labor, along with resources to support teachers, facilities, and books and other materials, so it requires a rather advanced level of social ...

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