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After-School Programs

After-school programs provide organized and supervised activities for school-age children. The need for after-school programs in the United States emerged because of historical changes in American education and the workforce. Evaluations of programs show that high-quality programs foster positive outcomes in participating students. Current issues with implications for the future include: funding, staff professionalism, and advocacy. After-school programs are commonly defined as structured or unstructured, supervised programs for school-age children conducted before or after school hours. Programs may extend services to other out-of-school times such as evenings, weekends, days when school is closed, school vacations, summer break, teacher institute days, or parent-teacher conference days. Programs may be located in school buildings or in other community facilities that lend themselves to the space requirements necessary for ...

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