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The leading modern Greek philosopher, Castoriadis (1922–1997) was born in Constantinople, grew up in Athens, and spent most of his adult life in France. He studied law, economics, and philosophy at the University of Athens. His political views were formed in the atmosphere of bitterly divided loyalties in Greece during the 1940s. He was an independent-minded leftist from the beginning and joined the youth wing of the Greek Communist Party when he was 15, turning Reform Communist in 1941. Fed up with communist shenanigans, the following year, he became a Trotskyist. Death threats from both Nazis and communists eventually forced him to flee Athens for Paris in 1945. In France, he joined with Claude Lefort to create the dissident Chaulieu-Montal Tendency in Leon Trotsky's Fourth ...

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