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In the context of theoretical inquiry, simulations are tools by which theorists examine the consequences of assumptions. In that respect, it is equivalent to logical analysis, which seeks to derive additional propositions from a set of assumptions. Logical analysis, if possible, is always preferable: Consequences asserted as a result of the outcomes of simulations are open to the criticisms that (1) a slightly different instantiation of the assumptions would have produced different results, (2) the outcomes produced are critically dependent on the initial conditions assumed in the model, and (3) the generalizations proposed hold only for the particular space of parameter values examined. Simulations as theoretical tools are quite distinct from simulation put to other purposes such as training or entertainment (e.g., flight simulators).

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