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Claude Gustave Lévi-Strauss (b. 1908) is the social anthropologist who introduced a new approach, called French structuralism, for the study of kinship, mythology, and art of aboriginal people. Besides anthropology, the new approach has impacted the other social sciences as well as literary, philosophical, linguistic disciplines and the field of comparative religion.

Biographical and Intellectual Itinerary

Lévi-Strauss was born in Brussels, Belgium, to a French Jewish family as a son of an artist and intellectual. At the age of six he moved with his family to France, where he studied law and philosophy from 1927 to 1931 and frequented the philosophical circle of Jean-Paul Sartre and developed a strong sympathy for Marxism. He had also an extensive exposure to literature and music, both classic and contemporary. After ...

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