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Everett Hughes (1897–1983), an American sociologist, was a key figure in the transition period between the classical Chicago School of the 1920s and 1930s and the second Chicago School. A Chicago PhD, Hughes began his career in Canada at McGill University in Montreal (1927–1938), where he had a major, career-long impact on French-and English-language sociology, chiefly via French Canada in Transition (1943), his study of the industrialization of French Quebec by British and American capital during the 1930s. In 1938, he returned to the University of Chicago, where he remained for most of the rest of his career (1938–1961). While Hughes was not generally regarded as a systematic theorist, there is in his writings a theoretical frame of reference, interpretive institutional ecology (Helmes-Hayes 1998), that ...

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