Green Movements Defined?

The diversity of stances on green movements makes a unitary definition problematic. For present purposes, however, green movements are collective actors engaged simultaneously in conflictual contestation and cooperative capacity building informed by ecological and environmental paradigms. The conflictual spheres engaged with are diverse, including economics, formal politics, social relations, culture, gender, science, and technology in relation to the organic realm most frequently referred to as nature. The primary issue focus of a movement combined with its prioritised mode of engagement result in a highly differentiated green movement milieu. This has been theorised as a number of discrete single issue movements engaged in specific conflicts and as a network of networks (Melucci 1996). The notion of a network of networks provides a means of ...

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