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Carol Gilligan, an internationally acclaimed feminist psychologist, is a professor at New York University. She was born on November 28, 1936, in New York City, the daughter of William and Mabel Friedman. She attended Swarthmore College, graduating summa cum laude with a B.A. degree in 1958. In 1960, she earned an M.A. degree from Radcliffe College, and in 1964 was awarded a Ph.D. in clinical psychology by Harvard University. In 1986, she became one of the few women to be awarded tenure at Harvard, in the Graduate School of Education. Gilligan has drawn upon her knowledge of literature, clinical psychology, and social psychology to reshape the field of what is now called relational psychology. Her pathbreaking research on identity and moral development and the psychology ...

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