• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Cohesiveness, Group

  • By: Rainer Greifeneder & Svenja K. Schattka
  • In: Encyclopedia of Social Psychology
  • Edited by: Roy F. Baumeister & Kathleen D. Vohs
  • Subject:Social Psychology (general)
Definition

Cohesiveness refers to the degree of unity or “we-ness” in a group. More formally, cohesiveness denotes the strength of all ties that link individuals to a group. These ties can be social or task oriented in nature. Specifically, a group that is tied together by mutual friendship, caring, or personal liking is displaying social cohesiveness. A group that is tied together by shared goals or responsibilities is displaying task cohesiveness. Social and task cohesiveness can occur at the same time, but they do not have to. For example, a group of friends may be very cohesive just because they enjoy spending time together, regardless of whether or not they share similar goals. Conversely, a hockey team may be very cohesive, without liking each other personally, ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles