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Other–Total Ratio

Part of understanding how groups operate is understanding how the individual within the group looks at the group he or she belongs to. Once dividing the larger group into subgroups, one usually becomes more attached to one subgroup and sees the people in other groups as less distinct from one another. For example, at a party on a college campus with psychology majors and English majors in attendance, the psychology student sees the larger group of students as being made up of two subgroups. That person will feel more attached to the other psychology students and also find the English majors as more similar to each other relative to how varied the group of psychology students.

One way to examine this process comes from selfattention theory. ...

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