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Logical Positivism

Definition

Logical positivism, also called logical empiricism, was an early 20th-century philosophical movement that held that a statement was meaningful only if it could be verified or confirmed through experience. Logical positivism relied exclusively on observable events for knowledge about the world, and therefore considered non-observable events to be basically meaningless. In other words, the only truth is what science can prove.

History, Problems, and Modern Significance

A. E. Blumberg and Herbert Feigl coined the term logical positivism in 1931 to describe the philosophical principles of the Vienna Circle, a group of European scholars. Logical positivists rejected philosophical inquiries on the grounds that there was no possible way of verifying them in experience. For example, the statement “abortion is wrong” reflects a person's disapproval of abortion, or ...

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