Ingroup–Outgroup Bias

Evidence of conflict and discrimination between groups is all around, which is not to say that this is inevitable, as many groups coexist peacefully most of the time. Ingroup bias refers to a form of favoritism toward one's own group or derogation of another group. Many theories of intergroup relations in social psychology try to explain this phenomenon. Ingroups are groups to which a person belongs, and outgroups are groups to which a person does not belong (and which could therefore become target for ingroup bias). There is an almost infinite number of groups to which a person belongs, depending on how he or she categorizes the social world. Gender, ethnicity, occupation, economic and social position are all meaningful dimensions by which a person ...

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