Hardiness is a personality trait that is associated with a person's ability to manage and respond to stressful life events with coping strategies that turn potentially unfortunate circumstances into learning opportunities. It is characterized by a tendency to be deeply involved, a need to be in control, and a desire to learn from life's events regardless of the outcomes.

History of Hardiness and Hardy Attitudes

With more than 20 years of theory, research, and practice, hardiness is a well-established concept in psychology. The psychological concept of hardiness was first identified by examining stress reactions among managers at the Illinois Bell Company over a 12-year period. Six years into the study, a major corporate upheaval in its parent company occurred, resulting in a decrease in half of the ...

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