Suspects have rights from the time of engaging in the crime to the point of conviction. The Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Fourteenth Amendments are the most common amendments in criminal procedure. These amendments are essential to the idea of due process—a philosophy that assumes the suspect is presumed to be innocent and the state has the burden to prove a defendant's guilt. Through employing due process, the state's prosecution follows applicable case law and rules of evidence. This, in turn, protects private citizens from arbitrary ...

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