The U.S. Border Patrol is a civilian federal agency, bound by federal laws and the Constitution, and is responsible for the security of the U.S. borders. Border Patrol agents, who are now part of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Customs and Border Protection (CBP), had very humble beginnings as inspectors with the Bureau of Immigration. As early as 1904, these mounted guards patrolled the southern border from El Paso, Texas, to southern California and the Pacific Ocean to stem the flow of illegal aliens. However, the illegal ...

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