There are two broad categories of police reform: performance and enforcement. Performance reform efforts are aimed at improving how the police conduct business and began with the professionalization movement in the early 1900s. This effort focused on training and educating police so they would provide better service to citizens. Other performance reforms have focused on the relationship between the police and the public, such as community-oriented policing. The second category of reform efforts emphasizes which laws the police enforce and how they do ...

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