The National Organization for Women (NOW) was founded in 1966 after the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) decided, in 1965, not to include gender as one of the categories for which employment discrimination was not permitted. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 included, in Title VII, a prohibition against employment discrimination based on gender, but the EEOC essentially decided that this provision would not be enforced. One month after the EEOC determined that gender segregation in job posting was permissible, a conference on ...

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