Through the criminal law, society attempts to develop standards of acceptable behavior that protect its citizens from harm in a manner that is consistent with its fundamental values. American societal values are based in large part on Judeo-Christian beliefs. Justice and fairness are embedded in this framework. The belief that only the culpable should be held responsible for their wrongful acts is at the core of this belief in justice and fairness. In criminal law, this means that wrongful conduct that is the product of knowledge and intent deserves ...

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