Marbury v. Madison (1803) was a case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court, and Chief Justice John Marshall's opinion established judicial review. Judicial review is the power of the Supreme Court to review any statute for its adherence to the United States Constitution. Although important in retrospect, the Supreme Court did not use judicial review to strike down a congressional statute again until Scott v. Sandford (1857). In the wake of the presidential election of 1800, in which President John Adams was ...

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