The history of juvenile justice in the United States can be divided into distinct periods, and each can be viewed in relation to a fundamental question: To what extent should the American system of justice view juveniles differently than adult offenders? That question has been resolutely and inexorably tied to how American society has throughout its history viewed “infants,” “children,” “youth,” and “juveniles.”

Child-Saving Movement

American justice has long been influenced by the English common law, which, until the colonies and states passed their own laws, was the law that governed ...

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