Creation of a national court system as well as establishing a federal Office of Attorney General and the U.S. Marshals Service were the objectives achieved when the Judiciary Act was signed into law in 1789. While Article III of the U.S. Constitution had suggested that a federal judiciary should be created, the framers did not dictate a specific structure, nor did they designate jurisdictional authority for new courts. The intent of Article III would be addressed later by the U.S. Congress when it would create courts of original, trial, and ...

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