Andrew Jackson (1767–1845) was the seventh president of the United States (1829–37). Jackson's two terms ushered in a new era of American politics with an ideology known as Jacksonian democracy. His presidency encouraged more government participation by the population. At the same time, he expanded executive power. Jackson's presidency occurred during an era when state penitentiaries were established, and his opponents, the Whigs, were working for prison and punishment reform. Jacksonian democracy, however, influenced judiciary reform at the federal and state levels and ...

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