The Indian Removal Act of 1830 authorized the president of the United States to exchange unorganized land west of the Mississippi River for Indianheld land within existing states and territories. The act granted Indians perpetual title to the western land and compensated Indians for improvements made to the exchanged land in the east. In addition, the act provided for the aid and assistance of the relocated Indians for the first year of removal. All expenses associated with transportation to the west were to be assumed by the federal ...

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