James Abraham Garfield (1831–81) was the 20th president of the United States. However, he had the second-shortest presidential service, with only 200 days in office before he was assassinated. He was the second U.S. president to be assassinated.

James Abraham Garfield was born in a log cabin in Orange, Ohio; he was the last of the so-called log cabin presidents, and his birthplace was later incorporated as Moreland Hills, Ohio. He was ambidextrous, and in his early studies he mastered ancient Greek and Latin. In 1856, he graduated with honors from ...

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